Just as with most essays, the major secret to excelling on the SAT essay is to pre-plan the examples and evidence you want to use.
"But wait!" I hear you cry. "Can you do that on the new SAT essay? Isn’t the point of the essay that you’re supposed to be using information from the passage in your answer, which you don’t know about ahead of time?"
The answer: Yes and no. While the specifics of each example will obviously change, depending on the passage, the types of examples you choose to discuss (and the way you explain each example builds the author’s argument) can be defined, and thus prepared for, ahead of time.
In this article, we give you 6 good SAT essay examples you’ll be able to find in nearly every prompt the SAT throws at you. By assembling a collection of these reliable types of evidence that can be used to answer most prompts, you'll cut down on planning time and significantly increase the amount you can write, making you able to walk into every SAT essay confident in your abilities.
feature image credit: 1 to 9 mosaic, cropped/Used under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.
Before You Continue
If you haven’t already read our introduction to the SAT essay prompt, read it now. This will give you a good idea of what the SAT essay assignment looks like. Then come back to this article.
Why You Can Prep SAT Essay Examples Before Test Day
The SAT essay prompts have several important things in common:
- They’re all passages that try to convince the reader of the veracity of the author’s claim
- They’re all around the same length (650-750 words)
- They’re all meant to be analyzed and written about in a relatively short period of time (50 minutes)
This means that you can have a pretty good idea ahead of time of what types of argument-building techniques you might see when you open the booklet on test day.
The main techniques the author uses aren't going to be overly complex (like the first letter of every word spelling out a secret code), because you just don’t have the time to analyze and write about complex techniques. Because of that, you can prepare yourself with SAT essay examples that’ll be likely found across persuasive passages about many different issues.
Naturally, for each passage you're going to want to play to its particular strengths—if there are a lot of facts/statistics, make sure to discuss that; if it dwells more on personal anecdotes/appeals to emotion, discuss those. However, if you struggle with analysis in a short period of time, memorizing these categories of examples ahead of time can give you a helpful checklist to go through when reading the SAT essay prompt and point you in the right direction.
Below, we've chosen two examples of evidence, two examples of reasoning, and two examples of stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to support your thesis.
For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts. This flexibility should prove to you how effective pre-planned examples are.
So, without further ado, onto our list of multipurpose support for any SAT Essay prompt.
Examples of Evidence
The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence. There are many different kinds of evidence author might use to support her/his point, but I'm just going to discuss the two big ones I've seen in various official SAT Essay prompts. These two types of evidence are Facts and Statistics and Anecdotes.
Example Type 1: Facts and Statistics
Employing statistics and facts to bolster one's argument is one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to build an argument. This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available.
How Can You Identify It?
Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at hand—maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data.
Here are a couple of examples of statistics from an official SAT essay prompt, "Let There Be Dark" by Paul Bogard:
Example: 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way
Example: In the United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year.
Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information. Often, you'll see facts presented with references to the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn. Here's another example from "Let There Be Dark":
Example: Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen[.]
Why Is It Persuasive?
Facts and statistics are persuasive argument building techniques because the author isn't just making up reasons for why his/her argument could possibly be true—there's actually something (data, research, other events/information) that backs up the author's claim.
In the case of the examples above, Bogard presents specific data about issues with light pollution (8 in 10 children won't be able to see the Milky Way, light in the sky increases 6% annually) to back up his statements that light pollution is real, then goes on to present further information that indicates light pollution is a problem (working the night shift puts humans at risk for cancer).
By presenting information and facts, rather than just opinion and spin, Bogard empowers the reader to connect the dots on her own, which in turn gives the reader ownership over the argument and makes it more persuasive (since the reader is coming to the same conclusions on her own, rather than entirely relying on Bogard to tell her what to think).
Example Type 2: Anecdotes
Another form of evidence that is often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of evidence is most often found in speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to the reader.
How Can You Identify It?
An anecdote is a short story about a real person or event. When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence.
Here's an example of (part of) an anecdote from an official SAT essay prompt that was adapted from a foreword by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter:
One of the most unforgettable and humbling experiences of our lives occurred on the coastal plain. We had hoped to see caribou during our trip, but to our amazement, we witnessed the migration of tens of thousands of caribou with their newborn calves. In a matter of a few minutes, the sweep of tundra before us became flooded with life, with the sounds of grunting animals and clicking hooves filling the air. The dramatic procession of the Porcupine caribou herd was a once-in-a-lifetime wildlife spectacle. We understand firsthand why some have described this special birthplace as “America’s Serengeti.”
Why Is It Persuasive?
Even though anecdotes aren't statistics or facts, they can be powerful because it’s more relatable/interesting to the reader to read an anecdote than to be presented with dry, boring facts. People tend to put more faith in experiences if they can personally connect with the experiences (even though that doesn't actually affect how likely or not a statement is to be true).
In the example above, rather than discussing the statistics that support the creation of wildlife refuges, Jimmy Carter instead uses an anecdote about experiencing the wonder of nature to illustrate the same point—probably more effectively.
By inviting the reader to experience vicariously the majesty of witnessing the migration of the Porcupine caribou, Carter activates the reader's empathy towards wildlife preservation and so makes it more likely that the reader will agree with him that wildlife refuges are important.
caribou, the hairy eyeball/Used under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.
I find this caribou highly persuasive.
Examples of Reasoning
All authors use reasoning to some extent, but it’s not always a major part of how the author builds her/his argument. Sometimes, though, the support for a claim on its own might not seem that persuasive—in those cases, an author might then choose to use reasoning to explain how the evidence presented actually builds the argument.
Example Type 3: Counterarguments and Counterclaims
One way in which an author might use reasoning to persuade the reader to accept the claim being put forward is to discuss a counterargument, or counterclaim, to the author's main point. The discussion (and subsequent neutralization) of counterarguments is found in prompts across all subject areas.
How Can You Identify It?
A counterargument or counterclaim is simply another point of view that contradicts (either fully or partially) the author's own argument. When "some might claim," "however," or other contrast words and phrases show up in an essay prompt, the author is likely presenting a counterclaim.
Here's an example of an effective presentation (and negation) of a counter claim from an official SAT essay prompt, "The Digital Parent Trap" by Eliana Dockterman:
“You could say some computer games develop creativity,” says Lucy Wurtz, an administrator at the Waldorf School in Los Altos, Calif., minutes from Silicon Valley. “But I don’t see any benefit. Waldorf kids knit and build things and paint—a lot of really practical and creative endeavors.”
But it’s not that simple. While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities.
Why Is It Persuasive?
So how does bringing up an opposing point of view help an author build her argument? It may seem counterintuitive that discussing a counterargument actually strengthens the main argument. However, as you can see in the brief example above, giving some space to another point of view serves to make it seem as if the discussion’s going to be more “fair.” This is still true whether the author delves into the counterargument or if the author only briefly mentions an opposing point of view before moving on.
A true discussion of the counterargument (as is present in Dockterman's article) will also show a deeper understanding of the topic than if the article only presented a one-sided argument. And because the presence of a counterargument demonstrates that the author knows the topic well enough to be able to see the issue from multiple sides, the reader's more likely to trust that the author's claims are well-thought out and worth believing.
In the case of the Dockterman article, the author not only mentions the opposite point of view but also takes the time to get a quote from someone who supports the opposing viewpoint. This even-handedness makes her following claim that "it's not that simple" more believable, since she doesn't appear to be presenting a one-sided argument.
Example Type 4: Explanation of Evidence
In some cases, the clarity with which the author links her evidence and her claims is integral to the author's argument. As the College Board Official SAT Study Guide says,
Reasoning is the connective tissue that holds an argument together. It’s the “thinking” — the logic, the analysis — that develops the argument and ties the claim and evidence together."
How Can You Identify It?
Explanation of evidence is one of the trickier argument-building techniques to discuss (at least in my opinion), because while it is present in many essay prompts, it isn't always a major persuasive feature. You can pretty easily identify an author's explanation of evidence if the author connects a claim to support and explains it, rather than just throwing out evidence without much ceremony or linking to the claim; however, whether or not the explanation of the evidence is a major contributing factor to the author's argument is somewhat subjective.
Here's a pretty clear instance of a case where an author uses explanations of each piece of evidence she discusses to logically advance her argument (again from the Dockterman passage):
And at MIT’s Education Arcade, playing the empire-building game Civilization piqued students’ interest in history and was directly linked to an improvement in the quality of their history-class reports.
The reason: engagement. On average, according to research cited by MIT, students can remember only 10% of what they read, 20% of what they hear and 50% of what they see demonstrated. But when they’re actually doing something themselves—in the virtual worlds on iPads or laptops—that retention rate skyrockets to 90%.
This is a main reason researchers like Ito say the American Academy of Pediatrics’ recommendation of a two-hour screen-time limit is an outdated concept: actively browsing pages on a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in front of the TV.
IMG_6800_v1, cropped/Used under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.
Why Is It Persuasive?
Unfortunately, the explanation the Official SAT Study Guide gives for how to discuss an author's "reasoning" is a little vague:
You may decide to discuss how the author uses (or fails to use) clear, logical reasoning to draw a connection between a claim and the evidence supporting that claim.
But how exactly you should go about doing this? And why is it persuasive to clearly explain the link between evidence and claim?
In general, when an author explains the logic behind her argument or point, the reader can follow along and understand the author’s argument better (which in some cases makes it more likely the reader will agree with the author).
In the Dockterman example above, the author clearly lays out data (Civilization leads to improvements in history class), a claim (this is because of engagement with the game and thus the subject material), provides data that back up that claim (retention rate skyrockets when students do things for themselves), and links that smaller claim to a larger concept (actively browsing pages on a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in front of the TV). This clear pattern of data-explanation-more data-more explanation enables the reader to follow along with Dockterman's points. It's more persuasive because, rather than just being told "Civilization leads to improvements in history" and having to take it on faith, the reader is forced to reenact the thinking processes that led to the argument, engaging with the topic on a deeper level.
Examples of Stylistic/Persuasive Elements
This final category of examples is the top layer of argument building. The foundation of a good argument is evidence, which is often explained and elucidated by reasoning, but it is often the addition of stylistic or persuasive elements like an ironic tone or a rhetorical flourish that seals the deal.
Example Type 5: Vivid Language
Vivid language is truly the icing on the persuasive cake. As with explanations of evidence, vivid language can be found across all topics of essay prompts (although it usually plays a larger role when the passage is lacking in more convincing facts or logic).
Vivid language: truly the persuasive icing on your SAT essay prompt cake. Your delicious, delicious SAT cake. Mmm!
How Can You Identify It?
Vivid language is pretty easy to spot—it shows itself in similes, metaphors, adjectives, or any words that jump out at you that don’t seem to have purely functional purposes. Here are a couple of examples—the first is Paul Bogard again:
…show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of light.
This example is relatively restrained, using the metaphor of "a blanket of light" to add emphasis to Bogard's discussion of light pollution. A more striking example can be found in another official SAT essay prompt, adapted from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech "Beyond Vietnam—A Time To Break Silence":
Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money like some demonic destructive suction tube.
Why Is It Persuasive?
Vivid language is an effective argument building device because it puts the reader in the author’s shoes and draws them into the passage. If used in moderation, vivid language will also make the topic more interesting for the reader to read, thus engaging them further.
In the excerpt taken from Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech above, the phrase "demonic destructive suction tube" is startling and provocative, meant to rouse the audience's indignation at the injustice and waste of the Vietnam war. If King had left out the second part of the sentence and only said, "Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money," his point would not have had as big of an impact.
Example Type 6: Direct Addresses and Appeals to the Reader
The last category I'll be discussing in this article are direct addresses and appeals to the reader. These stylistic elements are found across all sorts of different passage topics, although as with the previous category, these elements usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic.
How Can You Identify It?
Direct addresses and appeals to the reader are wordings or other stylistic devices specifically designed to provoke a response (often emotional) in the reader. This category covers many different elements, from appeals to emotion to rhetorical questions. Here's an example of an appeal to emotion, taken again from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech:
Perhaps a more tragic recognition of reality took place when it became clear to me that the war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the poor at home. It was sending their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and to die in extraordinarily high proportions relative to the rest of the population.
And here's an example of a rhetorical question (from the Paul Bogard article):
Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren?
Why Is It Persuasive?
Appealing to the emotions, as Martin Luther King, Jr. does in his speech, is an alternate route to persuasion, as it causes readers to emotionally (rather than logically) agree with the author. By describing how the war was causing "their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and die," King reminds the reader of the terrible costs of war, playing upon their emotions to get them to agree that the Vietnam War is a mistake, particularly for the poor.
Rhetorical questions, on the other hand, get the readers to step into the author's world. By reading and thinking about the author's question, the reader engages with the topic on a deeper level than if the reader were just given a statement of what the author thinks. In the case of the Bogard example above, the rhetorical question draws the reader into thinking about his/her descendants, a group of people for whom the reader (presumably) only wishes the best, which then puts the reader into a positive mood (assuming the reader likes his/her descendants).
As you can see, these examples of different argumentative techniques can be extracted from a lot of different article types for a wide range of topics. This is because the examples themselves are so meaningful and complex that they can be used to discuss a lot of issues.
The main point is, you don't have to wait until you see the prompt to develop an arsenal of types of argument-building techniques you can use to support your points. Instead, preparing beforehand how you’ll discuss these techniques will save you a lot of time and anxiety when the test rolls around.
DSC_1003, modified/Used under CC BY-NC 2.0.
Eh? Eh? ROLLS around? Get it get it #sorrynotsorry
If you're reading this article, you probably want to excel on the SAT essay. We've written a bunch of detailed guides to make sure you do.
Start to scratch the surface with our 15 tips to improve your SAT essay score.
Follow ourstep-by-step guide to writing a high-scoring essay and learn how to get a perfect 8/8/8 on the SAT essay.
Took the old SAT and not sure how the new essay compares to the old? Start with our article about what’s changed with the new SAT essay, then follow along as we investigate the SAT essay rubric.
Want to score a perfect SAT score? Check out our guide on how to score a perfect SAT score, written by our resident perfect scorer.
How happy would you be with adding an extra 160 SAT points to your score? If it's a lot, check out our guide to how you should study to improve your SAT score by 160 points:
The SAT tests your writing skills in two ways:
- SAT Essay - one essay to be written in 25 minutes
- SAT Grammar questions - two sections, one of 25 minutes and one of 10 minutes
Use our SAT essay section to get clear advice on how to handle the essay. We have a topic list from which you can select some essays to practice. You can get your teacher to correct your essays or use our essay evaluation grid to help you estimate your own score.
The grammar questions are of three types:
- Identification of sentence errors
- Sentence correction
- Editing in context
Our 10 free SAT grammar practice tests give you practice on all the types of question you will encounter on the test. You can get explanations for any questions that you get wrong.
For further discussion of typical grammar problems you can refer to a book such as the Kaplan SAT Writing Workbook. This book also has a good section on how to improve your essay writing.
+ see more popular essays- hide popular essays
- Goal-Setting Theory of Motivation
- Soren's Chemicals
- White Collar Crime
- Bank of America Five Force Analysis
- Marketing Management Case Study - Coach Inc.
- Ethical Leadership Is Mostly About Leadership Integrity. Discuss
- Strategy Easyjet
- My Sisters Keeper Essay
- Klemens Von Metternich
- Contemporary Hospitality Industry
- Assingments 2012-2013
- Reflection on Team Work
- Value Line
- Business Ethics Paper
- Tombow in Japan
- Nike Financial Analysis
- Agatha Christie : the Queen of Crime - Paper
- Harnischfeger Case
- Palamon Capital Partners/Teamsystem
- Synthesis and Component Analysis of an Iron (Iii) Oxalate Complex
- Female Characters in ,, Hero of Our Timeâ by Lermontov
- Positive Psychology
- Canada Goose
- Preparation of 2-Acetylcyclohexanone
- Pullman's Ideolgy in Northern Lights
- The Lymphatic System
- I Hear America Singing
- Interview with a Bilingual
- The Ipremier Company
- Air Thread
- Dispute Resolution and Non-adjudicative Processes
- Case Beth Israel Harvard
- Research Paper on Maya Civilization
- Joining in Counselling
- Comparing and Contrasting 1984 and V for Vendetta
- Barriers to Effective Pain Management
- Marxist Analysis of the American Dream
- Mahindra in South Africa
- Research Paper on Type 2 Diabetes
- Gm Food Research Paper
- Maya Collapse
- Substance Abuse
- Graduate Study Challenges and Strategies for Personal Success
- Children of Men by P.D. James
- Case Study Analysis
- Blink - Book Review
- Review of Science of Sex Appeal Documentary
- Unit 36 P5
- The Golden Era of East Coast Hip-Hop
- Analysis of Maxine Hong Kingston 'No Name Woman'
- Hesiod Versus Ovid
- Developing Professional Practice
- Formal Analysis, Contextualizing, and Compare and Contrast of the Egyptian Sculpture of Isis Nursing Horus and the Byzantine Icon, the Virgin of Vladimir
- History: Spanish Colonization of the Americas and Spanish Conquest
- The Major Factors That Led Rome and the Hellenistic Kingdom to Clash
- Stock Valuation and Risk
- Port Huron Statement Analysis
- Byzantine Empire vs China
- Toddler Observation Paper
- Adjusting Entries
- Effects of Nurse Staffing on Patients Outcomes
- Financial Management (Capital Budgeting Mini Case)
- Analysis on the Poem 'Dover Beach' by Matthew Arnold
- Technologies: a Friend or a Foe? - Argumentative Essay
- Ikemefuna's Death
- The Difference Between Leaders and Managers Essay Plan
- Mariot Market Segmentation and Targeting
- Marketing Planning for Toyota Camry
- Evaluate Amazonâs Diversification Strategy.
- Case Yell Group
- Case of Movie Industry
- Walmart Case Study
- Use of Software-Generated Information to Make Organizational Decisions
- Whole Foods Market, 2005: Will There Be Enough Organic Food to Satisfy the Growing Demand?
- China Southern Airline Market Analysis
- Corruption in China
- Theme in 'Shakespeare in Love'
- Aqualisa Quartz Case Analysis
- Do Childern Learn Better in Boys-Only and Girls-Only Schools?
- Business Strategy for Facebook
- Why Does Each of the Five Generic Competitive Strategies Require a Different Set of Product/Market/Distinctive Competency Choices?
- The Body Shop International Plc
- Scharffen Berger Chocolate Case Study
- Raleigh & Rosse Case Study
- Multivariate Data Analysis
- P&G Japan: the Sk-Ii Globalization Project
- Example Question
- Competitive Environment
- The Three Industrial Revolutions
- The Harnswell Sewing Machine Company
- Comparative Financial Analysis of Easyjet & Ryanair
- Case Study Bob Knowlton
- Explain How Biological Factors May Affect One Cognitive Process
- Curled Metal Inc Essay
- Study on Online Gambling Market
- Final Lab Report Sample
- Evaluation and Critique of Iamsar Manual Vol Iii
- Affinity Plus Case Hbs
- Robin Hood Case Analysis
- A Case Study on Cost Estimation and Profitability Analysis at Continental Airlines
- Human Resource Managemnt
- Johnson Beverage Inc
- Credit Life Insurance
- Ad-Lider Embalagens, Sa: Marketing Research for Drawstring Thrash Bags in Brazil
- The Eyes of the Skin Analysis
- Precise Software Solutions
- Emily Dickinson's Success Is Counted Sweetest Criticism
- Walt Disney Case Study
- Irony in Oedipus the King
- Graphic Design
- General Motors Value Chain
- Importance of Financial Statements to Managers, Investors and Creditors
- Codman & Shurtleff
- Six Sigma at 3m, Inc.
- West Jet Case Study
- Dd303 âthe Way We Speak Determines How We Thinkâ. Critically Evaluate This Statement, Drawing on the Key Theories and Research That Describe the Relationship Between Language and Thought
- The Three Waves of Feminism
- Case Analysis: Blanchard Importing and Distributing Co. Inc. (Hbs Case 9 - 673 - 033)
- Case Four Star
- Disruptive Innovation
- Critical Analysis of the Oral Testimony of Maya Rani on the Partition of India
- Behaviourism: History, Principles & Contributions
- Hcc Industries
- Strategic Planning at the Chronicle Gazette
- Efficiency of Public Transportation System
- Bmw's Operation Management
- Revlon Strategic Plan
- Toyota Motor Corporation Organization Strategies
- Management-Challenges and Solutions
- Comparative Education
- Network Marketing
- Contaminated Land Case Study - Flat Bush
- Scientific Management and Human Relations Movement
- Internal Auditing Case Study
- Organizational Behaviour
- Six Dangerous Myth About Pay
- Cherie Cosmetics
- How Can Resourcing and Development Add Value to the Modern Workplace?
- Assignment 1 Pret a Manger
- 'The Birth of Swatch' Case Analysis
- Impact of Technology on Business
- Tiger Airways Marketing
- Louis Vuitton Case
- China and Usa: a Comparison of Their Monetary Policies
- The Body Shop
- Toyota, Resources Analysis
- Reebok Marketing Plan
- Managing Financial Resources
- The Body Shop Marketing Report
- Renova Marketing Plan
- Nokia Microsoft Alliance
- Amaranth Case
- Key Success Factors for Amazon
- Google's Organizational Culture
- Cineplex Entertainment
- Automobile Industry Pest Analysis
- Clocky the Run Away Alarm Clock
- The Trophy Project
- Loewen Group
- Celta Assignment - Focus on the Learner
- Summary of Facts of the Case Study
- Coloplast Organizational Structure
- Durkheim and the Relevance of His Theories in Modern Society
- Mobile Banking for the Unbanked
- Russian Standard Vodka Case Study
- Essay on Business Ethics
- The Euro in Crisis: Decision Time at the European Central Bank
- Radiographer's Role in Operation Theatre
- Strategic Planning Case Study- Dunkin Donuts
- Obesity Literature Review
- Acca Per Questions
- Enterprise 2.0: Do Companies Need It to Survive?
- Mis Mdcm Case Analysis
- Case Study
- Economics-Monsantoâs Roundup Case Study
- Wal Mart Case Study 'The Challenge of Managing Relationships with Stakeholders'
- Strategic Business Plan for Citigroup
- Foldrite Case
- Kardell Paper Company Ethics Case
- âthe Only Autonomous Decisions Which Are Worthy of Protection Are Those Based Upon Sound Moral Values.â Do You Agree?
- Decision Making Cycle
- Confessions of an Advertising Man Book Review
- Managing Financial Principles and Techniques
- Media Ethics Potter Box
- Solution on Southern Discomfort Case