Essay On Community Health And Environment

Health And Environment Essay

6.1 Introduction: Health

"Health is wealth" a common thought in all around the world. In both developed and developing countries, health is probably one of the most important sectors, which generates intense emotional debate and ideological divisions. In Bangladesh the Fifth Five Year plans (1997-2002) states, "Providing medical care is the constitutional obligation of the Govt." The main thrust of the health program has been the provision of primary health care services that has been recognized as a key approach to attain "Health for all" by the year 2000. However during the last few decades, it becomes clear that the right of the health care is far from the absolute. Inadequate funding, inefficiency and corruption are the main problems in our health sector. The district hospitals are generally overcrowded with capacity unequal to demand. As a result poor people do not get the proper services from the Govt. hospital. A few lucky persons get the better treatment from the private sector because they can effort. Some of them go to abroad to get the best health treatment.

Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee's (BRAC) community based health and populations program that utility community health workers and makes use of community partnership is one such successful example of extending all elements of ESP through community partnership.

6.1.2 Objective:

To capture the differences of villagers in their health conditions and concept

What are the different types of health facilities the villagers get.

To visualize the different types of health problems according the villagers.

6.1.3 Procedure:

By doing PRA in the first step.

Collecting data by using questionnaire survey.

By doing the crosscheck.

6.1.4 IMMUNIZATION

The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) follows the international guidelines recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). The guidelines recommend that all children receive a BCG vaccination against tuberculosis; three doses of DPT vaccine for the prevention of diphtheria, whooping cough and tetanus; three doses of polio vaccine; and a vaccination against measles. WHO recommends that children receive all of these vaccines before their first birthday and that the vaccinations be recorded on a health card given to the parents.

Table H -1: Distribution of the respondents by their Immunization status

Immunization

Status Name of the diseases

Polio Diphtheria Tetanus Whooping cough Measles

Immunized 86% 82% 78% 76% 74%

Not Immunized 16% 18% 22% 24% 26%

Total 100% ...

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